Abortion Law in Nz

27/09/2022por Mentores

An October 2020 AFP fact-check examined a video of a British pro-life group making similar claims about New Zealand`s abortion laws and found it contained several false and misleading claims. When it comes to examining whether abortion is clinically appropriate in the circumstances, the Qualified Physician – The main advocacy group for abortion rights is the Abortion Law Reform Association of New Zealand (ALRANZ), which advocates for the complete decriminalization of abortion in New Zealand. [91] [92] In the 1990s and early 2000s, ALRANZ experienced a sharp decline in membership, with ALRANZ stores in Christchurch and Hawke`s Bay closing in 1996 and 2004. By 2011, the number of alRANZ members had fallen to about 235. Contemporary abortion rights activism has focused on defending the status quo against abortion opponents and lobbying for the legalization of mifepristone for use in medical abortions. [93] Historical lobby groups for abortion rights included the more radical Women`s National Abortion Action Campaign (WONAAC), the Auckland Anti-Hospital Amendment Committee, the May Abortion Action Committee, and the National Women`s Organisation (NOW). [16] [94] [95] The Abortion Legislation Act 2020 amends two existing laws: the Contraception, Sterilization and Abortion Act of 1977 and the Crimes Act of 1961. While the abortion law originally introduced safe zones around abortion providers, it was removed from the final version of the law. [4] The amendments to the Act are intended to remove barriers to access to abortion services. In the late 1980s, WONAAC unsuccessfully lobbied for several feminist MPs, including Sonja Davies and Margaret Shields, Minister of Women`s Affairs, to unsuccessfully push for a more liberal abortion bill in the form of a private membership bill. However, the Fourth Labour Government felt that there was not enough support to pursue abortion reform and instead passed the Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion Amendment Act 1990, which lifted the restriction on who could train and provide services and supplies.

Then-Health Minister and future Prime Minister Helen Clark sponsored the CS&A Amendment Act.[35][36] The New Zealand Association of Rationalists and Humanists (NZARH) has spoken out in favour of removing abortion from the Crimes Act 1961 and sees it as a reproductive rights issue. [99] Amnesty International New Zealand supported reform of the Abortion Act, including the removal of abortion from the Crimes Act. [100] An abortion service provider must inform the Director-General after the following services have been provided by or through the provider: On March 10, 2021, a bill for private members, the Bill Amending the Contraception, Sterilization and Abortion (Safe Areas) Act, ==External links== Its goal is to create safe zones around abortion centers on a case-by-case basis “to protect the the safety and well-being of women and to respect the privacy and dignity of women who have access to abortion centers and practitioners who provide and support abortion services.” It adopted its first parliamentary reading (100-15), although it had to go through two other parliamentary readings as well as a special parliamentary committee to evaluate submissions for and against its adoption. [87] [88] Previously, two doctors had to approve an abortion – and this could only happen if there was a “serious danger” to the pregnant woman`s health. If you are not more than 20 weeks pregnant, a qualified doctor may provide abortion services without consulting another doctor. With the passage of the Abortion Legislation Act 2020, New Zealand has radically changed its approach to abortion. Abortion is no longer a crime, but rather is regulated by general health law, adopting a pregnancy model. While some claim the reform was long overdue, critics have called the new legislation “the most extreme abortion law in the world.” This article examines these demands through the lens of reproductive justice, a movement that has emerged alongside the global campaign for the recognition of reproductive rights.

First, it describes the principles of reproductive justice before criticizing New Zealand`s earlier law and examining the case for modernizing it. He goes on to describe how a growing number of jurisdictions have decriminalized abortion, with increasing pressure on other countries, including England and Wales, to carry out legislative reform in the same way. Finally, the main provisions of New Zealand law are discussed. It concludes that the new law is consistent with the principles of reproductive justice in that it provides access to timely, equitable and publicly funded abortion services. By placing women at the centre of the law, it improves the well-being of women, but especially of marginalized women. However, this suggests that the current 20-week pregnancy test is arbitrary, with the initially proposed 22-week threshold being preferable. Prior to the passage of the new law, abortions in New Zealand were performed through a loophole that allowed people to have access to an abortion if two certifying counsellors agreed that one of four conditions was met: incest, possible physical or mental harm to the pregnant person, fetal malformations, mental retardation. Most abortion and related counselling services in New Zealand are free for any pregnant person eligible for state-funded health services (New Zealand citizen/permanent resident/equivalent visa). However, you may have to pay for an ultrasound.

Your doctor should inform you if there is a cost. An NZ Herald Digipoll showed that 71% of New Zealanders felt that parents should be informed whether or not their child should have an abortion, with 60% believing that this should be required by law. [46] This “parental notification” act was severely rejected, as the New Zealand Medical Association and the New Zealand College of General Practitioners objected that lifting medical secrecy would endanger pregnant incest survivors and/or people from similar dysfunctional families and abusive parents. [44] However, pursuant to paragraph 1(a), the Director General may not publish information in a form that could reasonably be expected to identify a woman who has received or will receive abortion or counselling services. The first major anti-abortion group in New Zealand was the Society for the Protection of the Unborn Child (SPUC), led by Marilyn Pryor. The SPUC has received support from the Catholic Church in New Zealand and politicians from the two main parties, the Labour Party and the National. In 1975, the SPUC had 28 chapters and 40,000 members. Political differences between the national leadership and the Christchurch branch led by Ken Orr led to the fragmentation of the SPUC in 2000. The Christchurch branch was renamed Right to Life New Zealand in September 2000, while the national organisation changed its name to Voice for Life in 2004.

[101] [42] In the late 1980s and early 1990s, an anti-abortion group called Operation Rescue New Zealand was active, modelled on Randall Terry`s American organization Operation Rescue. Operation Rescue used aggressive clinics, including pickets at abortion clinics, protests with abortion patients, burglaries in buildings and operating rooms to disrupt operations, and the distribution of leaflets attacking abortion practitioners as “baby killers.” Operation Rescue has also been criticized by the anti-abortion movement for its aggressive tactics, with Women for Live president Anettta Moran rejecting the group`s willingness to break the law. While SPUC MANAGEMENT was initially critical of Operation Rescue NZ, management later relented and allowed SPUC members to participate. Operation Rescue NZ had a large Catholic component, including priests and clergy. According to McCulloch, about half of the supporters of Operation Rescue were also members of the SPUC. Operation Rescue activities also led to counter-protests by wonaac and the Wellington-based Choice group. [37] [38] Information on pregnancy options, including access to abortion services, is available on the DEGLE website – www.decide.org.nz The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand supports the decriminalization of abortion and considers it a matter of female autonomy. [118] [119] All Green MPs voted in favour of the Abortion Legislation Act 2020 Information and advice on abortion in New Zealand is now available on www.DECIDE.org.nz or by phone on 0800 DECIDE (0800 332 433). Funded by the Department of Health and managed by Family Planning New Zealand and Magma Healthcare, the service is part of ongoing work to improve timely and equal access to abortion. In 1983, National Mp Doug Kidd, with the support of the SPUC, introduced a bill for private members called the Status of the Unborn Bill.

In response, feminist CONGRESSwoman Marilyn Waring introduced the Pro-Abortion Contraception, Sterilization and Abortion Repeal Act to challenge Kidd`s bill. Waring also leaked news of Kidd`s affair with a parliamentary secretary for WONAAC. In the end, Kidd and Waring`s bills were defeated and no changes were made to existing abortion laws. While Pryor attributed her defeat to the hasty introduction of the Unborn Status Act, abortion rights journalist Alison McCulloch attributed the bill`s defeat to both Waring`s counter-proposal and the Kidd case. [33] Professor Mark Henaghan, a family law expert at the University of Auckland, told AAP FactCheck that it is wrong to say that abortions in New Zealand are available on demand for any reason until birth. Growing public awareness and debate about abortion has led to the emergence of rival anti-abortion and abortion rights groups. Anti-abortion groups included the Society for the Protection of the Unborn Children (SPUC) and REPEAL, while early abortion rights groups included the abortion Law Reform Association of New Zealand (ALRANZ) and the more militant Women`s National Abortion Action Campaign (WONAAC). [16] According to McCulloch, several members of the Socialist Action League, including Kay Goodger, were involved in the founding of WONAAC. [18] In the 2010s, a wave of international amendments to the Abortion Reform Act led to a new campaign by New Zealand abortion rights advocates to decriminalize abortion.